Document Type: Original Article
Department of General Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt
Department of Nuclear Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt
Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt
Introduction: Laparoscopic gastric plication (LGP) is a relatively new restrictive bariatric procedure that emerged to avoid the problems and to reduce the cost of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy. In this study we present the initial short-term outcome of LGP and its effect on gastric emptying and compare it with the results of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG).
Methods: From May 2016 to April 2017, a total of 50 patients were allocated to undergo either LGP (n = 25) or LSG (n = 25). Data on the operative time, complications, hospital stay, overall cost of LSG and LGCP, body mass index loss (BMIL), post-operative gastric emptying (the first study to asses gastric emptying after LGP), percentage of excess weight loss (%EWL), and improvement of comorbidities were collected during the follow-up examinations.
Results:All procedures were completed laparoscopically. The mean operative time was significantly higher for the LGP group. The mean hospital stay, cost and %EWL were significantly higher in the LSG group. The mean gastric emptying t1/2 was 40 ± 13 minutes for LGP group and 28.3 ± 8.31 minutes for LSG group (P = 0.001).
Conclusion: There is significant acceleration of gastric emptying after LSG more than after LGP with significant effect on weight loss.