Institute of Pathophysiology and Nuclear Medicine "Acad Isak S. Tadzer", Faculty of Medicine, Ss Cyril and Methodius University, Skopje, Macedonia
Introduction: Hyperparathyroidism is presented with increased parathyroid hormone (PTH) secretion due to hyperfunctioning of one or more of the four parathyroid glands. Primary hyperparathyroidism (p-HPT) can be due to parathyroid adenoma, hyperplasia or carcinoma of the parathyroid gland. Secondary hyperparathyroidism (s-HPT) is usually a response to hypocalcaemia and consecutive hyperplasia of the glands. Our aim was to compare the efficacy of 99mTc-methoxyisobutylisonitrile (MIBI) SPECT/CT in identification of the location of the lesion(s) in cases of HPT by comparing these results with the findings of ultrasound (US) and planar scintigraphy. Methods: Forty one consecutive patients (54±17 age, 12 males and 29 females) with primary or secondary hyperparathyroidism were included. All patients were examined by US and afterwards patients underwent conventional double-phase 99mTc-MIBI scintigraphy combined with neck SPECT/CT procedure. Planar images (early and delayed), US and SPECT/CT image sets were evaluated for adenoma localization at the neck and thorax. Regions of interest (ROIs), equal sized, were selected and compared, over the hyperfunctioning parathyroid tissue (accumulated impulses-counts value) and over the contralateral lobe of the thyroid gland (control counts value). Results:The ultrasonography detected 24 positive findings. The late phase of planar scan detected 26 positive findings. SPECT/CT presented with bigger detection rate than late planar phase or US (75.6%, 63.4%, 61.5%) and with higher sensitivity (100%, 83.8%, 77.4%), respectively. Conclusion: The SPECT/CT study seems reliable, sensitive and with added value in diagnosing hyperparathyroidism as a complementary method to planar scintigraphy. US as compatible method, should be performed prior the scintigraphy protocols.
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Nevena, M., Sinisa, S., Bojana, S., & Irena, S. (2019). 99mTc-MIBI SPECT/CT imaging contribution in the diagnosis of patients with hyperparathyroidism. Iranian Journal of Nuclear Medicine, 27(1), 1-7.
Manevska Nevena; Stojanoski Sinisa; Stoilovska Bojana; Sazdova Irena. "99mTc-MIBI SPECT/CT imaging contribution in the diagnosis of patients with hyperparathyroidism". Iranian Journal of Nuclear Medicine, 27, 1, 2019, 1-7.
Nevena, M., Sinisa, S., Bojana, S., Irena, S. (2019). '99mTc-MIBI SPECT/CT imaging contribution in the diagnosis of patients with hyperparathyroidism', Iranian Journal of Nuclear Medicine, 27(1), pp. 1-7.
Nevena, M., Sinisa, S., Bojana, S., Irena, S. 99mTc-MIBI SPECT/CT imaging contribution in the diagnosis of patients with hyperparathyroidism. Iranian Journal of Nuclear Medicine, 2019; 27(1): 1-7.